Protecting Individual Rights
Activity 2

Civil Case Procedures

In a civil case, a court settles a disagreement between two parties. These parties may be people, businesses, or organizations. The one who files a complaint is called the plaintiff. The plaintiff files a complaint to recover damages or receive compensation for something that has happened or for money owed. The one being complained about is called the defendant. A judge or jury hears the case. If the decision is for the plaintiff, the defendant can appeal to the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court.